marți, 5 iulie 2011

The map which should not exist

One of the maps from the 16th century Turkish Admiral, Piri Reis, provokes controversy can overturn the whole human history.
Conclusions of scientists - a map made from an airplane or another flying machine, a map older than ice that covers Antarctica, a more detailed map than the U.S. Army tactical maps, a map that he used Columbus to "discover" America - a map that came from the depths of human history that can change our value systems or history as we know.
Piri Reis was a famous Turkish admiral of the sixteenth century, which was passionate collecting old maps for navigation. After a battle at sea, Admiral captured few enemies sailors . One of them, to escape death, boasted that he was a pilot in the fleet of Columbus during its three voyages to the New World. Piri Reis, always looking for new information, asked the man if Columbus discovered the New World by accident or knew that there was land across the ocean. The pilot replied that he had a map, a copy of which he holds, and handed to admiral. It, using it and his collection of antique maps, drew a map of the world in 1513. This is the story of Piri Reis map, more or less romantic. Surprises and question marks are just now beginning.In 1929, a group of historians researching harem section of Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, found this map in a pile of rubble. Historians were amazed when they discovered that the map shows clearly the coast north and south American continent. And they were amazed to discover the old map made ​​in 1513, the continent of Antarctica, which was not discovered until 1818.
In 1953, a Turkish naval officer sent the Piri Reis map of Chief Engineer of the Naval Hydrographic Office of the United States. In order to study it, he asked the help of Captain T. Mallerey Arlington, which also worked, an authority on ancient maps. Reporting to the existing map, it not only proved to be perfect, but even modern maps has made corrections. For example, the map of Piri Reis, Greenland is represented by two separate islands. This information was recently confirmed by a French polar explorer who discovered using probes that under the ice is really two islands. In Antarctica, by the same process it was discovered that under the ice cap exist valleys and mountains of Piri Reis described the map as not only reproduce the outline map of the continents, but yes and topographical indications on within these continents. Mountain ranges, peaks, islands, rivers and plateaus are marked with the greatest accuracy.
Confirming all these and many other things, U.S. Navy cartographers came to these conclusions:
1. Columbus had a map of his journey to America, showing coastal Yucatan, Guatemala, South America to the Strait of Magellan and much of the coast of Antarctica.
2. The original map has at least 5,000 years, and some data show that even more. Some parts of land that appear on the map are covered by ice thousands of years.
3. Only very experienced cartographers today could draw a map with a big degree of accuracy, and only from an airplane.
To deepen the mystery of the maps, studies of teachers as Charles H. Hapgood and Richard W. Strachan revealed that the original map Piri Reis drew then was an aerial photograph from a great height, because the map looks like a perfect made earth satellite picture of where, due to the spherical shape of Earth's continents located further from the center of the image "slide down", as Piri Reis's map.
Captain Mallery also said that the map could not be achieved only from an aircraft, as it attaches to the mountains of northern Canada and Alaska that were not listed or the U.S. Army's strategic maps. Besides, he adds, "knew how to calculate longitude, so we still do not know two hundred years ago."
Professor Charles H. Hapgood argues that because the ice cap of Antarctica is supposed to have 100 million years, there are two possibilities on the period in which the original map was made: either the ice cap is the recent bill, thousands or tens of thousands of years, or the original map was made millions of years ago, when another man there. These two assumptions are rejected by the scientific community, because each of them would throw off everything that we think is the humanity of Piri Reis map and therefore is considered only a curiosity among many other things we would change systems can values ​​or history.

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